How Does Geothermal Air Conditioning Work?
When it comes to renewable solar energy, photovoltaic arrays perched on rooftops tend to receive the lion’s share of the media’s attention. Solar panels, however, aren’t the only products that work by harnessing the energy of the sun. Beneath the surface of the earth, solar radiation keeps the soil at a nearly constant temperature of around 52 degrees Fahrenheit. Geothermal heat pumps tap into this renewable energy resource to heat and cool homes in Jacksonville Beach, FL and around the country. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), ground-source pumps are currently the most energy-efficient HVAC systems on the market, cutting home cooling costs by as much as 50 percent and heating costs by up to 70 percent.
How Geothermal Technology Works
Like a conventional air conditioning system, ground-source heat pumps work by moving heat from one location to another. As the system’s refrigerant cycles through the looped system, converting from liquid to gas and back again, it extracts heat from the surrounding air and moves it elsewhere. Geothermal heat pumps are dual HVAC systems that operate like a traditional air conditioner in warm-weather months and provide heat for your home during the cold season as well.
Geothermal Installation Details
Ground-source systems have three primary components: a heat pump, a loop of pipe to carry the refrigerant and an indoor air distribution system. The system’s specific design and installation is typically based on your home’s unique heating and cooling demands as well as on available land space. During the installation process, a loop of pipe is buried into the ground, either vertically in a drilled hole or horizontally in shallow trenches. For homes without ductwork, there are also systems available that deliver cooled or heated air directly through air handler units installed in individual rooms or zones.
Adding Up the Energy Savings
While geothermal heat pumps are more expensive to install than traditional heating and air conditioning systems, they quickly pay for themselves through savings on your monthly utility bills. These energy-saving systems qualify for the federal residential renewable energy tax credit as well, which can pay for as much as 30 percent of the installation costs. Even without the tax credit, Jacksonville Beach homeowners can expect to recoup their investment in as little as five to ten years. Since the equipment typically lasts up to 25 years and the ground loop 50 years or more, you’ll continue to enjoy savings for decades to come.
As a Carrier Factory Authorized Dealer, Mike Merritt Heating & Air has the qualified technicians you look for when exploring new HVAC installation options. Carrier factory authorization means that our company meets the highest standards of technical expertise and customer satisfaction. Our skilled technicians are experienced in installing and servicing all makes and models of HVAC equipment, ensuring that your new system continues to save you money and keep you comfortable throughout its long service life. Please give us call for more information.