How do Air Conditioning Units Work?
You don’t need to know how air conditioning units work to appreciate the comfort that they provide during a hot Jacksonville, FL summer. However, a bit of understanding may encourage you to pay more attention to maintenance tasks related to your system. After all, you don’t want to encounter a system malfunction during a summer heat wave.
Common Maintenance Mistakes
There are several areas of maintaining your equipment that can be handled incorrectly. While they may not lead to the immediate demise of your air conditioning unit, they can create subtle problems that cost more money than you realize. Some of the issues you need to consider include:
1. Use of an air filter with appropriate MERV ratings
2. Proper refrigerant levels
3. Belt and motor wear
4. Duct blockage
How Air Conditioning Units Work
An air conditioner includes indoor and outdoor equipment. Your AC unit is a heat exchanger, and airflow and refrigerant are essential to proper operation. Ignoring system components that affect the heat exchange process can limit the efficiency of your cooling equipment. Further, you may face a system malfunction or failure.
Your coils carry refrigerant through a loop. Indoor coils allow the expansion of the material, causing it to become very cold. The cold refrigerant absorbs heat from the indoor air, causing the air to cool as it blows over the coil. The cold air is cycled through your system of ducts and into various rooms through registers or vents. Meanwhile, the refrigerant moves through the loop to the outside condenser coil. In this space, the material is compressed. This causes the refrigerant to get hot and release heat into the environment. This is why the air around the outside unit seem so hot.
How Does Maintenance Affect My System?
Inadequate refrigerant levels can create serious problems with the ability of your system to cool effectively. It’s important that your system be charged correctly. Too much or too little Freon or Puron will lead to problems. The refrigerants are strictly regulated and our team of experts at Mike Merritt Heating and Air are qualified to perform this service. The two refrigerants are not interchangeable, and our professionals have access to the correct product for your system.
Airflow can also lead to problems with cooling. Using the right filter, for example, ensures that large particles are correctly strained from circulation in your home. If you select a model that is too dense, you can impede the airflow. If you select a low-density model, your filtration won’t be sufficient and your indoor air quality can be affected. Look for MERV ratings from five to 12. Ratings above nine will provide superior filtration.
Your equipment should be checked before summer cooling months. We recommend that our customers set up spring appointments for tuning up air conditioning units in Jacksonville, FL so that problems can be corrected well before the summer temperatures begin to rise.